The signatories of the GPA agreed that companies from other signatory countries will not be treated less favourably in terms of public procurement than domestic firms, in accordance with the principles of national treatment and non-discrimination. Locally created businesses are no less well treated because they are of foreign origin or because the goods and services they offer are of foreign origin. The GPA has set up a public procurement committee made up of representatives from all signatory states. It meets at least once a year, more often if necessary, to allow signatory countries to consult on all issues related to the implementation of the agreement. The agreement came into force in 1979 as the Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement, which came into force in 1981 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  It was then renegotiated in parallel with the 1994 Uruguay Round and this version came into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement was then revised on March 30, 2012. The revised MPA came into effect on July 6, 2014.  As a party to the GPA, the United States has reciprocal access to the public procurement covered by all GPA members. Under the GPA, the United States provides access to 80 federal departments, agencies and commissions, including all management services, 37 states and 7 federal energy administrations, including the Rural Utility Service. This access includes construction goods, services and services. The GPA contains a number of provisions to ensure that tendering procedures for public procurement are transparent, effective and fair in the signatory countries.
The signatories agreed on this point: the accession process begins with the submission of an application for membership and has two main aspects: negotiations between the member and the parties to the GPA on the offer of coverage of the first company and verification of the compliance of the member`s contracting rules with the requirements of the GPA. , for example, in terms of transparency, procedural fairness for suppliers and national control. When a undersigned government feels that its rights under this agreement are nullified or compromised by another signatory, it may request the initiation of WTO dispute settlement procedures to resolve the issue. The WTO dispute settlement procedure is described in the exporter`s guide to the WTO dispute settlement agreement. To be covered by the GPA, public procurement must meet minimum value thresholds. These vary depending on the type of purchasing unit and the contract. You will find the current thresholds in the WTO`s table of thresholds (link offsite). There are 33 observer countries in the GPA, 10 of which are in the process of accession: Albania, China, Georgia, Jordan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Northern Macedonia, Oman, the Russian Federation and Tajikistan. China`s accession is of the utmost importance to the GPA, which will be the largest extension of market access since the introduction of the GPA. The WTO Public Procurement Agreement is a „multilateral“ agreement that means it applies to a number of WTO members, but not all members. Amp signatories are required to publish summary notices on the potential to purchase contracts covered by the agreement. Each member has identified publications in which these sales opportunities are displayed.